Who Owns the Land? Agricultural Land Ownership by Race/Ethnicity

Jess Gilbert, Spencer D. Wood, Gwen Sharp

gilbert@ssc.wisc.edu

Article published in Rural America. Vol. 19, issue 4 (winter 2002), p. 55-63.

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ABSTRACT: Of all private U.S. agricultural land, Whites account for 96 percent of the owners, 97 percent of the value, and 98 percent of the acres. Nonetheless, four minority groups (Blacks, American Indians, Asians, and Hispanics) own over 25 million acres of agricultural land, valued at over $44 billion, which has wide-ranging consequences for the social, economic, cultural and political life of minority communities in rural America. This article presents the most recent national data available on the racial and ethnic dimensions of agricultural land ownership in the United States, based largely on USDA's Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey of 1999.